Section IV (Studies of Religion II only) Religion and peace. The second model, a response to the first, is “peace without religion”. Universal humanitarianism is essential to solve global problems; 2. investigate the understanding of peace and how it is informed through significant writings within sacred texts. They attempted to draw attention to the injustices of the war by placing themselves directly between the lines of battle and even engaging in self immolation. For world peace, the Baháʼí Faith has the notion of "the Lesser Peace" and "the Great Peace". [1] Gerrie ter Haar suggests that religion is neither inherently good nor bad for peace, and that its influence is undeniable. Thomas Matyok, Jessica Senehi, and Sean Byrne (Toronto: Lexington Books, 2011), pp 351-358. "[6], Pax Christi is the "official international Catholic peace movement" as recognized by Pope Pius XII in 1952.[7]. Alex Bellamy is Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies and Director of the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect at the University of Queensland, Australia. The world seems to know only one kind of peace, i.e. Peace is central to all world faiths (with respect to Islam and Buddhism see Ramsbotham et al., 2005; for Christianity see Cejka and Bamat, 2003). [16] The group has also since opened up churches in the Western world.[17]. Religion has a definite role to play in people's search for world peace. • Religious attitudes to nuclear weapons and the use of weapons of mass destruction. 18-36, Douglas Johnston, "Faith-Based Organizations: The Religious Dimension of Peacebuilding." Outline how the image to the left and the quote below explore peace in Christianity and Judaism. In higher range responses, candidates demonstrated knowledge and understanding of the distinctive teachings of two religious traditions on inner and/or world peace. This is called The Golden Rule. An awareness of religion’s significance for society and world affairs has a long, distinguished history in academia, in fields such as the sociology of religion, phenomenology of religion, religionswissenschaft, and religious studies. Furthermore, empirical studies show that no religion tends more towards violence (or towards peace) than another. Religion and belief in 21st century conflict • Religion and belief as a cause of war and violence in the contemporary world. The desire is to relieve suffering, whether due to natural disaster or man-made calamity. It is the principle that … Buddhism, one of the Aryan religions, founded by Gautama Buddha (b.567 BC) is regarded as a Godless religion (agnostic not atheistic), for unlike other religions, it doesn’t entertain belief in God as a central concept. mere absence of war. The Role of Religion in Promoting World Peace. Today the Pax Christi network membership is made up of 18 national sections and 115 Member Organizations working in over 50 countries, Originating during the Indochina Wars with Nhat Hanh and the Unified Buddhist Church, adherents of Engaged Buddhism became participants in the war, not against the Americans or the Vietnamese, but against the violence itself, which they saw as unnecessary. The WARP Summit was hosted by: Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL, Chairman Man Hee Lee) The Enactment of an International Law for the. Peace on Earth: The Role of Religion in Peace and Conflict Studies offers an alternate view that suggests religious organizations play a more complex role in conflict than a simply negative one. The Baháʼí Faith requires believers to avoid prejudice in daily life, to be friendly to people of all religions, social statuses, nationalities or various cultural traditions. "[8] He warned of the dangers of religious fanaticism describing it as a ``world devouring fire",[9] prohibited holy war,[10] and condemned the shedding of blood, the burning of books, the shunning of the followers of other religions and the extermination of communities and groups. [5], Project Ploughshares takes its name from Isaiah 2:4 where it is written "God shall judge between the nations, and shall decide for many peoples; and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation; neither shall they learn war any more. This approach focuses on the importance of coexistence and interfaith dialogue. From public health crises to gender inequality, we believe ambitious goals and daunting problems can best be tackled when different faith communities work together. M%ÒhHñLûz;—b¶cvĎQE8$àAÏÿ principal teachings about peace Ella Thornton - Year 11 Year 12 Studies of Religion 2 Unit Mr van der Jagt Week 3 of Term 3 Religion and Belief Systems in Australia Post 1945: ð[ò$œ­‘š÷e.r NÏñ’Ôƒ.pùp{R2ùíE€ÿý}ží¸Š6¸T†"ïL üú4Õ¬mç—@ Panel Discussion - Union of Science & Spirituality/Religion alone will bring Peace and Harmony to Mankind Gerrie ter Haar and James J. Busuttil (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2005), pp. Achieving inner peace within Christianity and Islam according to their sacred texts. Need to Promote Gandhian Philosophy for Establishment of World Peace and Survival of Humanity. At the nation's level, it calls for negotiation and dialogue between country leaders, to promote the process of world peace. Equip us to prepare the way for its coming by building relationships of goodwill among all people of every race, religion and language. It was founded after World War II as reconciliary movement by French citizens including Bishop Pierre-Marie Théas of Tarbes and Lourdes. In 1990, USIP established a program on religion, ethics, and human rights led by David Little, now a professor at Harvard Divinity School. Daniel L. Smith-Christopher (Cambridge, MA: Boston Research Center for the 21st Century, 1998)pp39, Christopher S. Queen, "The Peace Wheel: Nonviolent Activism in the Buddhist Tradition," in Subverting Hatred: The Challenge of Nonviolence in Religious Traditions, ed. In-text: (Peace, Justice and Interfaith Dialogue in Studies of Religion, 2009) Your Bibliography: Affinity Intercultural Foundation, 2009. Religion and peacebuilding refer to the study of religion's role in the development of peace. in Promoting World Peace. [15], Engaged Buddhism represents a socially aware non-violent movement within the larger Buddhist community. Through the ages, altruistic principles such as love of neighbor and the sanctity of human life have been ardently promoted by religion. III (b). More than 100 religious representatives from 53 countries attended the two-day conference. Christ says that real peace is that which comes from God, and not from the world. 1. Daniel L. Smith-Christopher (Cambridge, MA: Boston Research Center for the 21st Century, 1998)pp38, History of Christian thought on persecution and tolerance, Buddhism and violence § Teachings, interpretations, and practices, Buddhist ethics § Killing, causing others to kill, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_and_peacebuilding&oldid=995784568, Pages with numeric Bible version references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 21:43. Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, discouraged all forms of violence, including religious violence, writing that his aim was to: ``quench the flame of hate and enmity" and that the ``religion of God is for love and unity; make it not the cause of enmity or dissension. Cessation of Wars and Legacy of Peace and the World Alliance of Religions. Should not religion, then, exercise its formidable powers in behalf of peace? Peace on Earth: The Role of Religion in Peace and Conflict Studies offers an alternate view that suggests religious organizations play a more complex role in conflict than a simply negative one. It covers Theme D: Religion, Peace & Conflict and focuses on Muslim views, beliefs and teachings. Students will learn a method for recognizing and analyzing how religious ideologies are embedded in all arenas of human … Candidates included a broad range of scriptural quotes, teachings and many provided examples of initiatives for peace. First goal was the reconciliation between France and Germany; the German branch or section later concentrated on reconciliation with Poland and initiated the foundation of the de:Maximilian-Kolbe-Werk. Sincere worshippers do well to examine this question. Project Ploughshares works with various NGOs operating abroad to develop research and complete analyses of government policies. The statement concludes with a call for establishment of the "oneness of humanity", a call which implies "no less than the reconstruction and the demilitarization of the whole civilized world — a world organically unified in all the essential aspects of its life, its political machinery, its spiritual aspiration, its trade and finance, its script and language, and yet infinite in the diversity of the national characteristics of its federated units. for TWO religious traditions drawn from: Buddhism – Sutta Pitaka,Dhammapada Christianity – the New Testament Hinduism – Bhagavad Gita Islam – Qur’an and Hadith Judaism – Nevi’im • outline the. This is peace of soul, peace of mind, peace of heart which surpasses all mere human endeavours and understanding. 17-19 September 2014, Seoul, South Korea. All world religions are already for world peace in this way, as are all humanitarians of whatever ideology; 4. 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