Delaware is home to Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs. The annual average precipitation is nearly 45 inches (1,140 mm). A group of Native Americans of mixed ethnicity, called Moors, live in the vicinity of Cheswold in Kent county, and descendants of the Nanticoke live near Millsboro in Sussex county. Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution. Delaware has a land area of 1,955 square miles and a water area of 535 square miles. [63], A 2012 Gallup poll found that Delaware's proportion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults stood at 3.4 percent of the population. This followed the 1793 establishment in Philadelphia of the African Methodist Episcopal Church by Richard Allen, which had ties to the Methodist Episcopal Church until 1816. [46] The center of population of Delaware is in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend. Delaware is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled. [100], Delaware is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they are New Castle, Kent and Sussex. Delaware is centrally situated in the Northeast megalopolis region of cities along I-95. Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation. The fact that Delaware and Pennsylvania shared the same governor was not unique. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines.[25]. [21][22] Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were conquered by a fleet of English ships by Sir Robert Carr under the direction of James, the Duke of York. African Americans now constitute almost two-thirds of the city’s population. Following the American Revolution, statesmen from Delaware were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States with equal representation for each state. State in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, This article is about the State of Delaware. Geography & Climate; More Facts; Government: Government in Delaware was a proprietary colony, a colony that was granted to a person or group of people with full governing rights. U.S. 13 and DE 1 are primary north–south highways connecting Wilmington and Pennsylvania with Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington and the Delaware beaches. Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland. The northern part of the state is served by network stations in Philadelphia and the southern part by network stations in Salisbury, Maryland. Major origin markets for Delaware tourists include Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York City, Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, with 97% of tourists arriving to the state by car and 75% of tourists coming from a distance of 200 miles (320 km) or less.[117]. About 30 percent of all Delaware bridges were built before 1950, and about 60 percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory. [65], According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Delaware had the ninth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.2 percent.[67]. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States. Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C., residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in England, more slaves were imported for labor and the caste lines hardened. Delaware has a humid climate with hot summers and mild winters. Delaware is one of five states (Maine, Vermont, West Virginia, Wyoming) that do not have a single city with a population over 100,000 as of the 2010 census. ... A Primary Source History of the Colony of Delaware (Rosen, 2006). [15] The northernmost part of the state is part of the Piedmont Plateau with hills and rolling surfaces. Beaches and marshes are a winter refuge for many wildfowl, as well as a stop on the migratory paths of such birds as sandpipers. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%. [b] Although the Twelve-Mile Circle is often claimed to be the only territorial boundary in the U.S. that is a true arc, the Mexican boundary with Texas includes several arcs,[13] and many cities in the South (such as Plains, Georgia)[14] also have circular boundaries. In 1651 the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant, established a fort at present-day New Castle, and in 1655 they conquered the New Sweden colony, annexing it into the Dutch New Netherland. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties, and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware"[21] from the Duke. [83], The transportation system in Delaware is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware Department of Transportation, also known as "DelDOT". Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was founded in Wilmington. This trend ended in 2000 when Delaware's electoral votes went to Al Gore by 13 percentage points. Delaware's largest city is Wilmington, while the state capital is Dover, the second-largest city in the state. Three Philadelphia-market stations—PBS member WHYY-TV, Ion affiliate WPPX, and MeTV affiliate WDPN-TV—all have Wilmington as their city of license, but maintain transmitters at the market antenna farm in Roxborough and do not produce any Delaware-centric programming. Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania rule on June 15, 1776. Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British. [87] As of 2012[update], fees for the paratransit service have not changed since 1988. Delaware is represented in rugby by the Delaware Black Foxes, a 2015 expansion club. Majestic Hardwood trees are found in the north of Delaware and Pine trees are found in the south of Delaware. Geography: The geography of colonial Delaware was mostly flat low land.The fertile soil helped the economy thrive. The average daily temperature at New Castle Airport in northern Delaware is 54 °F (12 °C), varying from an average high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July to an average low of 23 °F (−5 °C) in January. The hardiness zones are 7a and 7b. The Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts: Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts. Today Sussex county is a national centre for the production of broilers (young chickens). While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments. Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt Rochester (Democrat). This grew by 41.65% from a decade earlier. Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County. The present governor is John Carney (Democrat), who took office January 17, 2017. Delaware has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%. Delaware has been home to professional wrestling outfit Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW). [42], Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more than the national average, and ranking 45th in population. 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